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Figure 2: The pooled forest plot for temperament and character inventory subscales contains a heterogeneous number of studies for each of the temperaments and characters. Difference between cases and healthy controls in the temperament and character inventory subscales: novelty seeking (z = −0.430, P = 0.667), harm avoidance (z = 5.322, P < 0.001), reward dependence (z = −0.694, P = 0.488), persistence (z = 1.166, P = 0.244), self-directedness (z = −4.719, P < 0.001), cooperativeness (z = −0.549, P = 0.583), self-transcendence (z = 2.848, P = 0.004)

Figure 2: The pooled forest plot for temperament and character inventory subscales contains a heterogeneous number of studies for each of the temperaments and characters. Difference between cases and healthy controls in the temperament and character inventory subscales: novelty seeking (<i>z</i> = −0.430, <i>P</i> = 0.667), harm avoidance (<i>z</i> = 5.322, <i>P</i> < 0.001), reward dependence (z = −0.694, <i>P</i> = 0.488), persistence (<i>z</i> = 1.166, <i>P</i> = 0.244), self-directedness (<i>z</i> = −4.719, <i>P</i> < 0.001), cooperativeness (<i>z</i> = −0.549, <i>P</i> = 0.583), self-transcendence (<i>z</i> = 2.848, <i>P</i> = 0.004)