Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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   1993| July-September  | Volume 35 | Issue 3  
    Online since February 20, 2009

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Sensation Seeking Scale : Indian Adaptation
Debasish Basu, Vijoy K Verma, Savita Malhotra, Anil Malhotra
July-September 1993, 35(3):155-158
Sensation seeking refers to a biologically based personality dimension defined as the need for varied, novel and complex sensations and experiences, and the willingness to take physical and social risks for the sake of such experiences. Although researched worldwide for nearly three decades now, there is to date no published Indian study utilizing the concept of sensation seeking. This paper describes adaptation of the Sensation Seeking Scale for the Indian population. After due modification of the scale, its reliability, internal consistency and discriminant validity were established Norms were developed for a defined segment of general population. This study may be seen as the beginning of research in India on the subject of sensation seeking.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  1,241 276 -
Drug Abuse in Kashmir - Experience from a Psychiatric Diseases Hospital
Mushtaq A Margoob, KS Dutta
July-September 1993, 35(3):163-165
Socio-demographic variables of IH9 out-patients with drug abuse who were registered at the Hospital for Psychiatric Diseases, Srinagar were studied. Most of the drug abusers were male, the majority (57.2%) being in the 26-35 age group. Cannabis was the commonest substance abused, followed by heroin. Cannabis abusers had the longest duration of drug use but the lowest rate of drug dependence (29.9%) and lowest rate of multiple drug abuse (6. 1%), whereas heroin abusers had the highest rate of drug dependence (88.8%) and highest rate of multiple drug abuse (83.4%). More than 50% of drug abusers had impairment in health and psycho social status. Problems with relatives or acquaintances led to treatment contact in about 62% of patients. Other socio-demographic variables such as marital, educational or occupational status did not reveal any significant difference.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  963 151 -
Psycho - Educational Group Therapy for Alcohol and Drug Dependence Recovery
Kishore Chandiramani, BM Tripathi
July-September 1993, 35(3):169-172
A brief psychosocial intervention model for alcohol and drug dependence recovery has been evolved in the form of psycho-educational group therapy. The package comprises of eight sessions conducted thrice a week over a period of about three weeks following detoxification. It aims to equip the patients with information and knowledge relevant to the needs of recovery. The program covers topics such as craving and relapse, medical complications, treatment process and recovery, family, social and job problems and structuring free time. Apart from achieving abstinence, the objectives of the program include enhancing functioning in personal, social and professional spheres by developing healthy and intimate relationships and promoting alternate activities.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  855 175 -
Aspects of Abnormal Illness Behavior
Issy Pilowsky
July-September 1993, 35(3):145-150
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  743 261 -
Substance Use by Child Labourers
Raj Kumar Bansal, Sanjay Banerjee
July-September 1993, 35(3):159-161
The present study highlights substance use patterns of 300 child labourers from 6 slums in Sural city and identifies the microsocial and macrosocial stressors which initiate and perpetuate their substance use. It was observed that 135 (45%) of the child labourers had used some substance with a mean of 1.5 substances used per child. Tobacco smoking was the most common form of substance abuse followed by tobacco chewing, snuff, cannabis and opium. This study highlights an urgent need for the containment of substance abuse by these vulnerable early initiators.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  722 152 -
The Agoraphobic Alcoholic : Report of Two Cases
D Basu, Lok Raj, SK Mattoo, A Malhotra, VK Varma
July-September 1993, 35(3):185-186
The association between agoraphobia and alcohol dependence has been frequently observed in Western literature, but reports from India are lacking. Two cases demonstrating such an association are described. In both of them, the agoraphobic symptoms followed alcohol dependence. The interaction between these two conditions may set up a vicious cycle, and failure to recognize this co-morbidity may result in treatment failure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  657 66 -
The Nonspecific Symptom Screening Method a Replication Study
TR Suresh, M Suresh Kumar, V.S.P Bashyam, TN Srinivasan
July-September 1993, 35(3):151-153
Methods have been developed to screen non psychotic disorders in general health clinics based only on non-specific and somatic symptoms. One such method developed in India was applied in a heterogenous group of patients in a different clinical setting. The validity of nonspecific symptom screening method for non psychotic illness was replicated in this study. This method of screening is recommended for routine use in screening for minor psychiatric morbidity in medical and surgical clinics.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  630 67 -
Pan Masala - A New Substance of Dependence
TN Srinivasan, TR Suresh, Vasantha Jayaram
July-September 1993, 35(3):189-189
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  594 99 -
Influence of High Fat Diet on Steady State Bioavailability of Lithium Carbonate in Manic Depressive Patients - A Preliminary Report
SK Tripathi, D Basu, P Kulhara, SK Garg, PL Sharma
July-September 1993, 35(3):177-178
The effect of high fat food in the steady state bioavailability of lithium carbonate (900 or 1200mg daily, in divided doses) was studied in three patients of manic-depressive psychosis in a self-control cross-over design. Serial blood samples were collected by venepuncture until 8 hours following drug administration and lithium was assayed by flame photometry. The results indicated a reduction in the extent of bioavailability of lithium by the high fat food as compared to standard normal diet, in all the three patients studied Caution should be exercised in regard to lithium administration along with food rich in fat content.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  609 83 -
Concentrations of Homovanillic Acid and Gonadal Hormones in the Serum of Male Schizophrenic Patients
SL Gong, J Wei, CN Ramchand, R Ramchand, GP Hemmings
July-September 1993, 35(3):181-183
The concentrations of serum homovanillic acid (HVA), luteinizing liormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (T) were examined in 20 male schizophrenic patients not taking neuroleptic drugs, 44 treated with neuroleptic drugs, and 15 male healthy control subjects. Kurskal-Wallis analysis of variance showed no significant difference among the three groups in serum HVA, FSH, LH or testosterone although high concentrations were found in tlte patients not taking neuroleptic drugs. There was a significant positive correlation between serum HVA and FSH in the patients not taking neuroleptics. The present results suggest that the change of gonadal hormones may be related to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  627 55 -
A Psychodemographic Study of the Patients of a Deaddiction Centre in Madras.
R Ponnudurai, J Jayakar, B Raju, R Pattamuthu
July-September 1993, 35(3):167-168
Sixty patients who reported to a Deaddiction Centre were investigated with regard to their psychodemographic profile. 53.3% of them turned out to be exclusively alcohol abusers, 35% were abusers of alcohol concurrently with other substances and 11.7% were abusers of exclusively drugs. Those who consumed alcohol alone, commenced their intake at a mean age of 24.4 years and reported for treatment only at 39.2 years; this was in contrast to the mean age of 17.9 years at which alcohol use begin in those who took alcohol in combination with other substances. Further, abusers of drugs alone reported for treatment at an age of 24 years, which is quite similar to the age at which the abusers of alcohol concomitantly with other substances resorted for psychiatric help. Other than the withdrawal syndrome, the most frequently encountered psychotic condition was alcoholic hallucinosis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  539 143 -
BR - 16A does not Interfere with Alpha - 2 Noradrenergic and Dopamine Postsynaptic Receptor Functioning
Chittaranjan Andrade, Jenniffer George, Thangam Joseph
July-September 1993, 35(3):179-180
BR-16A is a herbal preparation with several putative psychotropic effects. Recent work has suggested that it facilities certain aspects of cognition and that it ameliorates ECT-induced amnesia in animal models. The present study sought to assess whether it affects noradrenergic and dopaminergic functioning in the central nervous system. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received BR-16A (200mg/kg) or vehicle for one month. The animals were subsequently challenged with clonidine (100 mg/kg I.P.), apomorphine (2mg/kg I.P.), or saline in a factorial design, and motility of the animals was immediately thereafter assessed using a small open field. BR-16A neither attenuated clonidine induced alpha-2 noradrenergic receptor-mediated hypomotility nor accentuated apomorphine-induced dopamine postsynaptic receptor-mediated hypermotility, suggesting that it does not interfere with alpha-2 noradrenergic and dopamine postsynaptic receptor functioning.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  610 52 -
Effect of Seizure Control on Improvement of Cognitive Functions in Epileptic Patients
MR Nainian, PB Behere, S Mohanti
July-September 1993, 35(3):173-174
A group of fifty epileptic patients were tested with neuropsychological tools for cognitive functions like memory, intelligence, visuomotor coordination, spatial perception and body schema perception. Patients were on carbamazepine and were tested after three months. Seizure improvement was shown to have different effects on different cognitive functions. Memory and intellectual deficits improved, while no difference was observed in visuomotor coordination, spatial and personal perception.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  575 73 -
Munchausen Syndrome and Trihexyphenidyl Dependence
NA Qureshi, S Hegazy
July-September 1993, 35(3):187-188
The authors describe a woman with Munchausen's syndrome who, during the course of illness, developed dependence on Trihexyphenidyl which besides being partially treated was used in establishing the stable linkage with a hospital and was also successfully utilized in the management of Munchausen's syndrome.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  571 64 -
Seizure Following Fluoxetine
CS Sanjay, John P Alexander
July-September 1993, 35(3):184-184
Fluaxetine has not been often implicated in the production of generalized tonic clonic seizures. A patient with Bipolar Affective disorder who developed convulsions after receiving a single dose offluoxetine is reported. The implications are briefly discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  586 48 -
ECT Induced EEG Seizure : Validity of Duration Estimation by Last Spike
BN Gangadhar, Jyoti K.M. Rao, BL Sujatha, N Janakiramaiah, DK Subbakrishna
July-September 1993, 35(3):175-176
The seizure EEG records of 25 depressives receiving ECT were 'blindly' rated by two trained raters using a uniform definition of seizure endpoint. The EEG seizure duration estimates were validated against five expected relationships. EEG seizure duration correlated with and was more than motor seizure duration, reduced over the course of ECTs, was consistent within subjects, and negatively varied with age. Within clinical constraints, the method of seizure duration estimation by the last spike is valid.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  556 67 -
Index - Subject & Author

July-September 1993, 35(3):1-6
Full text not available  [PDF]
  245 46 -
Hypochondriasis and Illness Behavior
K Kuruvilla
July-September 1993, 35(3):143-144
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  196 88 -

July-September 1993, 35(3):162-162
Full text not available  [PDF]
  205 67 -

July-September 1993, 35(3):166-166
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  199 28 -

July-September 1993, 35(3):154-154
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  192 26 -
News and Notes

July-September 1993, 35(3):189-189
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