Year : 2021  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 433--438

Utility of special drive campaign on substance use disorders in hard-to-reach communities in the fast urbanizing town of Solan, India


Ajay Kumar Singh1, Kushel Verma2, Sumit Chawla3, Vaishali Sharma2, Prerna Gupta2 
1 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Regional Hospital, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Pt. JLN Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Kushel Verma
Regional Hospital, Solan, Himachal Pradesh
India

Aims: Special drive campaigns on substance use disorders (SUDs) in India are usually organized in educational institutes, non-governmental organizations, or few selected localities. Hard to reach communities of construction, prison, and industrial sites quite often remain uncovered. Materials and Methods: During a month-long special drive in 2019, under a cross-sectional study, we reached these communities of Solan town through awareness camps and incorporated standardized screening tools for evaluating morbidity patterns of SUDs. Results: Statistically significant relationship existed between 360 participants (90.8% males, 9.2% females; mean age of 33 years) and their educational levels with χ2 (1, n = 360) =130.59, P = 0.000. Fagerstrom's scale inferred very high nicotine dependence in 10.6%, 7.9%, and 2.4% of prisoners, industrial workers, and laborers, respectively. Whereas, Fagerstrom scale for smokeless tobacco revealed 31% of significant dependence potential amongst laborers. Alcohol use disorder identification test revealed 28 persons with harmful alcohol dependence. Drug abuse screening test revealed 13.6% of prisoners having moderate level drug abuse potential. The Kruskal–Wallis test showed a statistically significant difference, in levels and potential of substance use in construction, prison, and industrial sites. Conclusion: The study proved the utility of special drives in evaluating SUDs morbidity patterns in hard-to-reach communities.


How to cite this article:
Singh AK, Verma K, Chawla S, Sharma V, Gupta P. Utility of special drive campaign on substance use disorders in hard-to-reach communities in the fast urbanizing town of Solan, India.Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:433-438


How to cite this URL:
Singh AK, Verma K, Chawla S, Sharma V, Gupta P. Utility of special drive campaign on substance use disorders in hard-to-reach communities in the fast urbanizing town of Solan, India. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Oct 26 ];63:433-438
Available from: https://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=2021;volume=63;issue=5;spage=433;epage=438;aulast=Singh;type=0