Year : 2021  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 274--278

Prescription patterns and medication adherence in preadolescent children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder


Ajita S Nayak1, Hrishikesh Bipin Nachane2, Prerna Keshari1, Shubhangi R Parkar1, Kumar Hemant Saurabh1, Manan Arora1 
1 Department of Psychiatry, KEM Hospital and Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, T.N.M.C. and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Hrishikesh Bipin Nachane
Department of Psychiatry, T.N.M.C. and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Byculla, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
India

Background: Nonadherence in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be as high as 80%, yet studies on adherence to medications in preadolescent children are few. Recent Indian trends in prescription patterns are lacking. Aim: The present study assesses prescription patterns and adherence to medications in preadolescent children with ADHD. Materials and Methods: Fifty children aged 5–12 years with ADHD, who were on medications for at least 6 months, were enrolled. Their sociodemographic factors and prescription details were noted. Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Parents Rating Scale and Compliance Rating Scale were administered. Results: Sixty-two percent of the children had good compliance, whereas 38% showed reluctance. Adherence was better in children with shorter duration of illness, lesser severity, absence of side effects, and stimulant prescription. Non–stimulant-based combination (40%) was more common compared to stimulants (28%), with atomoxetine and risperidone being the most commonly prescribed medications. Conclusions: Adherence to medications in preadolescent children with ADHD is good. Associated factors and implications are discussed.


How to cite this article:
Nayak AS, Nachane HB, Keshari P, Parkar SR, Saurabh KH, Arora M. Prescription patterns and medication adherence in preadolescent children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:274-278


How to cite this URL:
Nayak AS, Nachane HB, Keshari P, Parkar SR, Saurabh KH, Arora M. Prescription patterns and medication adherence in preadolescent children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Oct 26 ];63:274-278
Available from: https://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=2021;volume=63;issue=3;spage=274;epage=278;aulast=Nayak;type=0