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|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 383-390
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices about COVID-19 among Kashmiri population: A cross-sectional study
Bushra Syed Imtiyaz1, Chahat Jamwal1, Arshad Hussain1, Fazle Roub2, Rabbanie Tariq3, Imran Qayoom4, Juvaria Syed5, Mahvish Renzu6
1 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
4 Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
5 Department of English, St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, Delhi, India
6 Department of Medicine, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Background: Nations across the globe are investing enormous resources to contain the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Assessing community knowledge and behavior could help in designing effective health-care policies tailored to the need of target population.
Aims: We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about COVID-19 among Kashmiri population and to determine the association of KAP scores with the sociodemographic variables.
Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted via various online platforms.
Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was formulated which was divided into three scoring sections assessing KAP about COVID-19 and a nonscoring section assessing individual reactions. A link to the survey was disseminated through social media platforms. A total of 1051 individuals participated.
Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics were used for assessing the demographic characteristics of participants. Inferential statistics (Mann–Whitney U-test and Kruskal–Wallis test) were used for comparison.
Results: Majority of the participants belonged to the age group of 20–39 years (75.4%), were unmarried (66.6%), were from urban background (54.9%), and had education of above high school (96.3%). In general, scores suggested that participants possessed adequate knowledge (mean ± standard deviation: 10.07 ± 1.134), had good attitudes (11.85 ± 1.42), and followed good practices (12.26 ± 1.42) regarding COVID-19. However, we found the correlations between KAP scores to be weak.
Conclusions: A knowledge–praxis gap was highlighted in the studied population which was especially true for the vulnerable age group of > 60 years. The findings call for attention of health-care policymakers to design need-based, locally adaptable, and practicable interventional strategies for target population.
Bushra Syed Imtiyaz
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Srinagar - 190 003, Jammu and Kashmir
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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