Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 285-289

Psychological distress among survivors of moderate-to-critical COVID-19 illness: A multicentric prospective cross-sectional study


1 Department of Emergency Medicine, NMC Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE
2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, NMC Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE
3 Department of Anaesthesia, NMC Royal Hospital, DIP, Dubai, UAE

Correspondence Address:
Prashant Nasa
NMC Specialty Hospital, P.O. Box 7832, Dubai
UAE
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_1074_20

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Purpose: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is predicted to have long-term sequelae on the physical and mental health of survivors. We aim to calculate the prevalence of psychological distress in moderate-to-critical survivors of COVID-19. Materials and Methods: The patients discharged from the hospital after moderate-to-critical COVID-19 were interviewed using e-mail at 30 and 60 days for anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and PTSD Check List-5 questionnaire, respectively. Results: In 103 patients (96% were immigrant workers), the prevalence rate of clinically significant anxiety, depression, and PTSD was 21.4%, 12.7%, and 8.7% at day 30 and 9.5%, 7.1%, and 4.7% at day 60, respectively. There was significantly higher anxiety in patients of Indian nationality and depression with preexisting chronic illness. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence rate of clinically significant psychological distress among COVID-19 survivors, and we propose a formal psychiatric assessment and long-term follow-up.



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