|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 274-278
Prescription patterns and medication adherence in preadolescent children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Ajita S Nayak1, Hrishikesh Bipin Nachane2, Prerna Keshari1, Shubhangi R Parkar1, Kumar Hemant Saurabh1, Manan Arora1
1 Department of Psychiatry, KEM Hospital and Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, T.N.M.C. and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Background: Nonadherence in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be as high as 80%, yet studies on adherence to medications in preadolescent children are few. Recent Indian trends in prescription patterns are lacking.
Aim: The present study assesses prescription patterns and adherence to medications in preadolescent children with ADHD.
Materials and Methods: Fifty children aged 5–12 years with ADHD, who were on medications for at least 6 months, were enrolled. Their sociodemographic factors and prescription details were noted. Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Parents Rating Scale and Compliance Rating Scale were administered.
Results: Sixty-two percent of the children had good compliance, whereas 38% showed reluctance. Adherence was better in children with shorter duration of illness, lesser severity, absence of side effects, and stimulant prescription. Non–stimulant-based combination (40%) was more common compared to stimulants (28%), with atomoxetine and risperidone being the most commonly prescribed medications.
Conclusions: Adherence to medications in preadolescent children with ADHD is good. Associated factors and implications are discussed.
Hrishikesh Bipin Nachane
Department of Psychiatry, T.N.M.C. and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Byculla, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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