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|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 270-273
Perceived stress, marital satisfaction, and sexual satisfaction in spouses of males having bipolar disorder with and without alcohol use disorder: A cross-sectional study
Sanchari Mukhopadhyay1, Sneha Sharma2, Apala Aggarwal3, Dinesh Kataria4
1 Department of Integrative Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Consultant Psychiatrist, New Delhi, India
3 Consultant Psychiatrist, The Psych Clinic, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
4 Department of Psychiatry and Drug Deaddiction Centre, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Background: Bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) are frequently comorbid and affect the social, occupational, and personal domains of patients and their spouses.
Aim: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess and compare the levels of stress, marital satisfaction, and sexual satisfaction between the spouses of males with BPAD + AUD and of those without AUD.
Materials and Methods: Spouses of 100 males with diagnosed BPAD, currently in remission, including fifty patients having comorbid AUD, were recruited as participants. Participants were assessed with Perceived Stress Scale-10, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Sexuality Scale.
Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics, Chi-square, t-test, analysis of variance, and correlation on SPSS were used for statistical analysis.
Results: More stress (59%), poorer marital (53%) and sexual satisfaction (89%) were found in the majority participants, with significantly higher stress in the group with husbands having both BPAD + AUD (P < 0.01). Duration of cohabitation had a direct, and education and family income had inverse relations with stress.
Conclusions: BPAD worsens stress, marital satisfaction, and sexual satisfaction in the study participants, the stress increasing further with comorbid AUD. Education, family income, and duration of cohabitation have a significant bearing on stress.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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