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|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 222-227
Evaluation of Psychological Impact of COVID-19 on Health-Care Workers
Sandeep Grover1, Aseem Mehra1, Swapnajeet Sahoo1, Ajit Avasthi2, TS Sathyanarayana Rao3, Mrugesh Vaishnav4, PK Dalal5, Gautam Saha6, Om Prakash Singh7, Kaustav Chakraborty8, YC Janardran Reddy9, Naren P Rao9, Adarsh Tripathi5, Rakesh K Chadda10, KK Mishra11, G Prasad Rao12, Vinay Kumar13, Shiv Gautam14, Siddharth Sarkar10, Vijay Krishnan15, Alka Subramanyam16
1 Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, CMC, Chandigarh; Department of Psychiatry, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, India
4 Samvedana Group of Hospital and Research Centre, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
6 Clinic Brain Neuropsychiatric Institute and Research Center, Kolkata, India
7 Department of Psychiatry, NRS Medical College, Kolkata, India
8 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal, India
9 Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
10 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
11 Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, India
12 Asha Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
13 Manoved Mind Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
14 Gautam Hospital and Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
15 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
16 Department of Psychiatry, TNMC and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Aim: The current study aimed to evaluate the psychological issues among the health-care workers (HCW) during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: An online survey using Survey Monkey® platform was carried out to evaluate depression (using Patient Health Questionnaire-9), anxiety (using Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-7), and other psychological issues (using a self-designed questionnaire).
Results: The study sample comprised 303 participants with a mean age of 41.2 (standard deviation: 11.1) years. A majority of them were male (69%) and married (79.9%). Nearly half (46.2%) of the participants had either anxiety disorder or depression or both and 12.9% of HCW had suicidal behavior. Higher level of anxiety and depression scores were associated with being female, having undergone quarantine, directly involved in the care of COVID-19 patients, and younger age (<30 years). Higher prevalence of depression and anxiety disorder was seen in younger (<30 years) age group, being a doctor (compared to paramedics). In addition, higher prevalence of depression was seen in those who were directly involved in the care of patients with COVID-19 infection.
Conclusion: About half of the HCWs are suffering from psychiatric morbidity, specifically anxiety, in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a need to assess all the HCWs for psychiatric morbidity and provide them with psychological support.
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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