Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 703-706

Body-focused repetitive behaviors in school-going children and adolescents and its relationship with state-trait anxiety and life events


Department of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Roshan Vitthalrao Khanande
CIP Campus, CIP, Kanke, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_607_19

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Background: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs) are nonfunctional self-injurious behaviors. BFRBs fall under obsessive–compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) and co-occur with anxiety disorders. Aim: The current study plans to assess the presence of BFRBs in schoolchildren and adolescents and find its relationship with state-trait anxiety and significant life events. Materials and Methods: The study identified twenty-one students with BFRBs using the Modified Habit Questionnaire. Along with the 21 matched healthy controls, both the groups were evaluated on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and Life Event Scale for Indian Children (LESIC). Results: The study group scored significantly high on STAIC state score (P = 0.004), trait score (P= 0.014), and total score (P = 0.020). On five life events, the study group reported significantly high on stress. Conclusion: The study reports the presence of BFRBs in schoolchildren; state-trait anxiety and significant life events have a significant association with BFRBs.



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