|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 6 | Page : 684-689
Effectiveness of Rajyoga meditation as an adjunct to first-line treatment in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder
Kiran Mehta1, Shivangi Mehta2, Harsh Chalana3, Harjot Singh3, Richa Ghay Thaman1
1 Department of Physiology, SGRD Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, SGRD Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar, India
Background: Yoga is a set of mental, physical, and spiritual practices with its origin in ancient India. The renewed interest in Yoga has led to the exploration of its benefits in a variety of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, and anxiety disorders. There is a dearth of literature on the effect of yoga in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in the Indian context.
Aim: The present study was conducted to find out the efficacy of Rajyoga meditation (RM) as an adjunct to the first-line treatment in the treatment of OCD.
Materials and Methods: Patients with OCD (diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition) were divided into two groups – (i) The meditation group (MG), which included 28 patients and (ii) The nonmeditative group (NMG), which included 22 patients. MG practiced RM protocol for 3 months duration in addition to the pharmacological treatment. The NMG continued on pharmacological management as usual. The symptomatology was assessed at baseline and 3 months using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS).
Results: At 3 months, both groups demonstrated improvement in symptoms. The improvement in MG was statistically significant with a change of 9.0 ± 3.16 in Y-BOCS and a 49.76 ± 9.52% reduction in symptoms. Improvement scores of NMG were also statistically significant with a change of 3.13 ± 2.59 in Y-BOCS and 18.09 ± 14.69% reduction in symptoms. MG showed significantly more improvement in Y-BOCS scores (49.76 ± 9.52) as compared to NMG (18.09 ± 14.69) using the student's paired t-test (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The present study suggests that the RM is an effective adjunctive therapy to reduce obsessions and compulsions in patients with OCD.
Dr. Shivangi Mehta
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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