|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 566-571
Depression prevalence, its psychosocial and clinical predictors, in diabetes mellitus patients attending two health institutions of north India catering rural population
Jyoti Gupta1, Dheeraj Kapoor2, Vivek Sood2, Sukhjit Singh3, Neeraj Sharma3, Pankaj Kanwar4
1 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. YS Parmar Government Medical College, Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra at Tanda, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Pt. JL Nehru Government Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Psychiatry, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra at Tanda, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) poses a greater risk of depression and a poor quality of life (QoL). There is a limited data regarding relationship of depression to QoL in patients from rural health care settings of North India.
Aim: To know the prevalence and predictors of depression in patients of DM among various sociodemographic, clinical and QoL variables.
Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two hospitals of North India mostly catering rural population from 2014 to 2018.
Materials and Methods: Sociodemographic and clinical data of DM patients was collected. They were applied Hindi translation of QoL Instrument for Indian Diabetes Patients and Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Analyses were done by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (Version 17.0, USA).
Results: Among 300 patients, 25.6% had clinical depression. Illiteracy, the affect on general, emotional/mental health and role limitation by diabetes predicted risk of depression.
Conclusion: Education of patients regarding self-management in DM to assure good health should be emphasised.
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. YS Parmar Governmenrt Medical College, Nahan, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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