Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 566-571

Depression prevalence, its psychosocial and clinical predictors, in diabetes mellitus patients attending two health institutions of north India catering rural population


1 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. YS Parmar Government Medical College, Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra at Tanda, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Pt. JL Nehru Government Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Psychiatry, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra at Tanda, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyoti Gupta
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. YS Parmar Governmenrt Medical College, Nahan, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_172_19

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Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) poses a greater risk of depression and a poor quality of life (QoL). There is a limited data regarding relationship of depression to QoL in patients from rural health care settings of North India. Aim: To know the prevalence and predictors of depression in patients of DM among various sociodemographic, clinical and QoL variables. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two hospitals of North India mostly catering rural population from 2014 to 2018. Materials and Methods: Sociodemographic and clinical data of DM patients was collected. They were applied Hindi translation of QoL Instrument for Indian Diabetes Patients and Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Analyses were done by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (Version 17.0, USA). Results: Among 300 patients, 25.6% had clinical depression. Illiteracy, the affect on general, emotional/mental health and role limitation by diabetes predicted risk of depression. Conclusion: Education of patients regarding self-management in DM to assure good health should be emphasised.



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