Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 526-528

Prevalence and determinants of posttraumatic stress in adolescents following an earthquake

1 Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2 Department of Islamic Studies, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
3 Department of Adul Mental Health, Aceh Psychiatric Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Marthoenis Marthoenis
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl Tgk Tanoh Abee, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_35_19

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Context: The 2016 Aceh earthquake causes a significant mental health impact in adolescents. However, the prevalence and determinants have never been reported. Aims: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence rate and determinants of posttraumatic stress symptoms in adolescents following an earthquake. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Pidie Jaya district approximately 6 months following the earthquake. Materials and Methods: The Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ) was distributed to adolescents living around the earthquake-affected area. Statistical Analysis: The Chi-square test and binomial logistic regression were performed using GNU PSPP statistical software. Results: The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was 47%, and the mean score of TSQ was 5.11 (standard deviation = 2.3). The presence of PTSD was associated with gender and age (P = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that gender, being injured, witnessing someone injured, feeling stressed after the earthquake, and feeling scared of staying inside a building following the earthquake were independently and significantly associated with PTSD (P = 0.001). Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD at 6 months following an earthquake is relatively high, and many factors are associated with the presence of PTSD.



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