Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
Home | About us | Current Issue | Archives | Ahead of Print | Submission | Instructions | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact | Login 
    Users online: 2565 Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this article Email this article Bookmark this page
Search Again
 Table of Contents
 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Article Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert
 Add to My List
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded210    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

Year : 2019  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146-150

Impairment of cognitive functions in congestive cardiac failure patients

Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ottilingam Somasundaram Ravindran
No. 30 (New No. 17), 23rd Cross Street, Besant Nagar, Chennai - 600 090, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_182_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) patients show several neuropsychological impairments and reduced quality of life and impairment of functioning. Objective: The objective of this study was to recognize the deficits in cognition in CCF patients and comparing this cognitive function in the same number of healthy participants. Materials and Methods: A case–control study design was adopted. The study was conducted in the cardiology department of a tertiary care hospital. Convenience sampling was done. Twenty-one participants with CCF (New York Cardiac Association – Class III severity) and 21 healthy participants participated in the study. Each participant in the control group was screened by the General Health Questionnaire-12-item version. We evaluated both groups for the various domains of their cognitive function using a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests. Student's t-test was used to analyze the difference between the means for the study variables. Results: We observed that attention, executive function, working memory, psychomotor speed, and visuospatial ability were impaired in the patients with CCF compared to the controls. However, they did not differ significantly in language function. Conclusions: Cognitive functioning is significantly impaired in CCF patients.



Print this article         Email this article