Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 253-257

Tracing the development of psychosocial rehabilitation from its origin to the current with emphasis on the Indian context


Hon.Secretary and CEO, The Richmond Fellowship Society (India), Bangalore Branch, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Kalyana Sundaram
“ASHA,” 501, 47th Cross, 9th Main, 5th Block, Jayanagar, Bengaluru - 560 041, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_437_17

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Mental illness and mental health are concepts that have existed from time immemorial. In India, the Atharvaveda and Vedic texts and traditional medical systems such as Siddha, Unani, and Ayurveda have described mental health and disorders, in detail. The advent of the mental hospital brought in the 'chemical revolution' in psychiatric management. The early nineties witnessed the birth of psychiatric rehabilitation in India. These developments saw a shift from a biological to a biopsychosocial model. It embraced the individual, family, community and society into the treatment process. The present rehabilitation process is geared towards providing quality of life, community living, accessible and suitable care.



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