Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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HISTORICAL REVIEW
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 227-235

Golden roots to golden fruits of mental health in Gujarat


1 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
2 Government of Gujarat and Ex-Honorary Professor, Department of Psychiatry, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
4 Gandhinagar and Superintendent, Hospital for Mental Health, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
5 Gandhinagar and Ex-Superintendent, Hospital for Mental Health, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ritambhara Mehta
E2/7, Professor Bungalows, New Civil Hospital Campus, Majura Gate, Surat - 395 001, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_448_17

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Through the behavioral descriptions in age-old texts it is obvious that Mental Health problems exist since the existence of Homo Sapiens and humanity, with ever changing norms, contexts, definitions and hence their management. Gujarat state of India is one of the oldest land plateaus existing. It has been inhabited, ruled and governed by many different people, races, kings; and invaded through its longest sea-coast by Dutch, Portuguese, British. Even after freedom of India in 1947, Gujarat emerged as a separate state in 1960 only. The history of Mental Health, before being a separate state, could be summed up in 2 Mental Hospitals started by British governance and 2 very unique institutions. Post NMHP, there has been a tremendous growth in the sector, supported by many leaders in the governance. This is an attempt to review some documented and some gathered information from dependable sources, from pre-independence colonial era, post-independence and post-statehood contemporary period.



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