Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 224-228

A comparative study of the sexual functioning of women with primary headache in India

Department of Psychiatry, ESI-PGIMSR Model Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rakesh K Jangid
Department of Psychiatry, Room 122, ESI-PGIMSR Model Hospital, Basaidarapur, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_290_17

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Introduction: Female Sexual dysfunction is an important health concern caused by several factors. This study aimed to compare the sexual function of women who have primary headaches in order to investigate the relationship between sexual dysfunction and the features of headaches. Materials and Methods: 95 consecutive patients aged 18 to 65 years with a history of headache for at least 1 month and sexually active in the last 6 months presenting to Psychiatry OPD of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi giving informed consent were taken. The diagnosis of headache type was confirmed according to the 2nd edition of International Headache Society (IHS) International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II) in 2004. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), visual analog scale (VAS) score and Migraine disability assessment scale score (MIDAS) were applied. Results: Those with migraines reported a greater intensity of pain than those with tension headaches. Individuals with tension headaches reported more frequent headaches. The mean MIDAS score in the migraine group was 14.64 (±2.59); 30% of the migraine group fell into the most severe category in MIDAS. Women with headaches had lower scores (indicating impaired sexual functioning) on all FSFI subscales, as well as on the total score when the prescribed cutoffs were applied as compared to controls (66.3% vs. 30% in controls). Conclusion: The present study showed that patients with either type of primary headache experience problems in several aspects of sexuality compared with controls.



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