|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 69-76
Treatment compliance and noncompliance in psychoses
K Nagaraja Rao, Jitty George, CY Sudarshan, Shamshad Begum
Department of Psychiatry, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India
Background: Compliance or noncompliance with treatment significantly influences course and outcome of psychiatric disorders. While noncompliance has been extensively researched, compliance has received less attention. The current study was conducted to elicit reasons for compliance and noncompliance in patients having psychoses attending psychiatric clinics.
Materials and Methods: A total of 196 compliant and 150 noncompliant patients were interviewed using self-designed tools to elicit sociodemographic data, details of illness, and treatment. Factors contributing to compliance and noncompliance were grouped under illness-related, clinician-related, medication-related, family-related, and economic-related domains and compared.
Results: Compliance was significantly more in females and middle- and high-socioeconomic status patients. They had less substance use, high physical comorbidity, high attendance in the outpatient department, and better remission. Clinician-related, family-related, and medication-related domains were contributing more to compliance whereas illness-related and economic-related domains seemed to have more bearing on noncompliance.
Conclusions: Compliance and noncompliance are determined multidimensionally. Domains related to clinician, family, and medications have to be reinforced to enhance compliance. Illness-related and economic domains have to be resolved to reduce noncompliance.
K Nagaraja Rao
Department of Psychiatry, JJM Medical College, Davangere - 577 004, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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