Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-49

Behavioral symptoms and caregiver burden in dementia

1 Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Thrissur - 680 596, Kerala, India
2 College of Nursing, M.G.DM Hospital, Kangazha, Kottayam, Kerala, India
3 Department of Epidemiological Psychiatry, Centre for Public Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, United Kingdom
4 Department of Psychiatry, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 002, India

Correspondence Address:
K S Shaji
Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Thrissur - 680 596, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.44905

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Background: Dementia care in developing countries will continue to be provided by co-resident caregivers at home. Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are difficult to manage at home.Interventions leading to reduction or remission of reduction or remission of BPSD will be of immense help in the management of these patients. Materials and Methods: The nature and prevalence of BPSD in a community sample of patients with dementia was assessed by a clinician .The impact of these symptoms on the caregiver was assessed by measures of burden of care and the psychological well being of the caregiver. Another rater carried out these assessments independently. Results: Prevalence of BPSD was very high and they were more common in patients with Alzheimer's Disease than patients with Vascular Dementia. They were rated as troubling to most caregivers. Caregiver burden was associated with adverse effects on the mental health of the carer. Conclusions: To be effective, dementia care services in developing countries need to focus on management of BPSD at home. Development of a low cost, effective and sustainable dementia care service should be given due importance by the policy makers in the developing world.



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