Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 188-191

Parental deprivation due to death in male soldiers with psychiatric disorders

1 Military Hospital, Kirkee, Pune 411020, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
3 Graded Specialist (Psychiatry),Command Hospital, Lucknow, India
4 Classified Specialist (Psychiatry),92 BH C/O 56 APO, India

Correspondence Address:
M.S.V Kama Raju
Military Hospital, Kirkee, Pune 411020
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.43049

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Background: The importance of early relationship with parents has been stressed by most personality theorists. Deprivation of the nurturing influence can lead to an adverse impact. Aim: To study the effect of early parental loss in the development of adult psychiatric disorder. Methods: A total of 289 soldiers suffering from assorted ICD-10 identified psychiatric disorders were studied to ascertain parental losses during their developmental period. The findings were compared with those of 127 patients drawn from general medical wards. Results: A higher percentage of psychiatric patients had lost their parents before the age of 18 years compared with medical patients (21.5% vs. 8.7%). The difference, which was highly significant, was due to bipolar disorder to some extent and alcohol dependence syndrome to a larger extent. Loss of the father appears to be more significant than loss of the mother. Parental loss is found to be not a significant factor in depression and neurotic disorders. There is no excess of maternal loss in cases of depression. Conclusion: This study indicates that parental loss is a significant factor in the future development of psychiatric disorders. It does not appear to be an important factor in the development of neurotic disorders. The aspect requires comprehensive evaluation.



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