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ARTICLE
Year : 1997  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 304-308

Autistic Features in Children with Mental Retardation


1 Senior Resident (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
2 Associate Professor of Psychiatry (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
3 Professor of Psychiatry, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, India

Correspondence Address:
Nilamadhab Kar
Senior Resident (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21584097

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Most of the autistic disorder patients are also mentally retarded and many mentally retarded persons exhibit autistic symptoms. By using a standard instrument (Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Rating Scale) the autistic features of the mentally retarded children were studied. The study also examined the influence of age, sex and level of mental retardation on the occurrence of autistic symptoms. Children who came for consultation to child psychiatric unit were compared with those at a school for children with mental retardation receiving stimulation. Male children from child psychiatric unit had significantly higher scores than those from the school. Social and language impairment could be reliably identified and grouped. It was possible to diagnose the syndrome of autism in children with mental retardation in a significant number (9.6%)as compared to that was possible only clinically (1.9%). More number of children with severe/ profound mental retardation could be diagnosed as autistic. The autistic syndrome in children with mental retardation can be picked up more effectively by the use of structured instrument.



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